Martha Ann Bell

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Faculty, Department of Psychology
Faculty, Developmental Science
Director, CAP Lab
Office Hours
Spring 2021 --- Zoom office hours are:
Mondays 1:30-2:20
Tuesdays 9:00-10:00
Wednesdays 11:00-12:00
And by appointment.
This link will enter you into a waiting room for a chat. If you prefer to reserve a specific date/time during office hours, just send me an email and we'll schedule.
Office Address
333 Williams Hall (typically)
during Spring 2021, you can meet with me via Zoom office hours
Office Phone
Curriculum Vitae
Short Bio
since 2019 --- College of Science Faculty Fellow, Virginia Tech
since 2016 --- Adjunct Professor of Neuroscience, Virginia Tech
since 2015 --- Affiliated Faculty in Human Development, Virginia Tech
since 2014 --- Professor of Health Sciences, Virginia Tech
since 2012 --- Professor of Basic Science, VT Carilion School of Medicine
since 2010 --- Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
2001-2010 --- Associate Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
1996-2001 --- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
1993-1996 --- Visiting Assistant Prof of Psychology, Univ of South Carolina
1992-1993 --- Research Associate, Child Dev Research Lab, Univ of Maryland

Developmental changes in brain-behavior relations during infancy and early childhood; developmental cognitive neuroscience and developmental psychophysiology (executive function, emotion regulation, EEG, ECG); individual differences in development; integration of cognition and emotion in early development.

Recent Courses Taught
  • PSYC 6944 - Advanced Topics in Developmental Psychology - most recent seminar was titled "Developmental Affective Neuroscience - Emotion Regulation"
  • PSYC 5544 - Cognitive Development ("Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience")
  • PSYC 4034- Special Topics in Dev Psyc ("Child Cognitive and Social Development")
Select Publications
  • CHAPTERS (in press, 2020, 2019)
  • Cuevas, K., & Bell, M.A. (in press). EEG frequency development across infancy and childhood. To appear in P. Gable, M. Miller, & E. Bernat (Eds.), Oxford handbook of human EEG frequency analysis. Oxford University Press.
  • Bell, M.A. (2020). Mother-child behavioral and physiological synchrony. In J. Benson (Ed.), Advances in child development and behavior, Vol 58 (pp. 163-188). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
  • Bell, M.A., & Garcia Meza, T. (2020). Executive function. In J.B. Benson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of infant and early childhood development, 2nd ed (Vol 1, pp. 568-574). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
  • *Bell, M.A., *Wolfe, C.D., Diaz, A., & Liu, R. (2019). Cognition-emotion interactions. In V. LoBue, K. Perez-Edgar, & K. Buss (Eds.), Handbook of emotional development (pp. 375-403). New York: Springer. [*co-first authorship]

  • JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS (2021, 2020, 2019)
  • Clark, E.A., Duncan, S.E., Bell, M.A., Lahne, J., Gallagher, D.L., & O’Keefe, S.F. (2021). Characterizing consumer emotional response to milk packaging guides interpretation of consumer behavior. Food Quality and Preference, 87, article 103984.
  • Broomell, A.P.R., Smith, C.L., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2020). Context of maternal intrusiveness during infancy and associations with preschool executive function. Infant and Child Development, 29, e2162.
  • Clark, E.A., Kessinger, J., Duncan, S.E., Bell, M.A., Lahne, J., Gallagher, D.L., & O’Keefe, S.F. (2020). The Facial Action Coding System for characterization of human affective response to consumer product-based stimuli: A systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology / Emotion Science, 11, article 920.
  • Gartstein, M.A., Hancock, G.R., Potapova, N.V., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2020). Modeling development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry: Sex differences and links with temperament. Developmental Science, 23, e12891.
  • Goodman, S.H., Liu, R., Lusby, C.M., Park, J.S., Bell, M.A., Newport, D.J., & Stowe, Z.N. (2020 on-line). Consistency of EEG asymmetry patterns in infants of depressed mothers. Developmental Psychobiology.
  • Helm, A.F., McCormick, S.A., Deater-Deckard, K., Smith, C.L., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2020). Parenting and children’s executive function stability across the transition to school. Infant and Child Development, 29, e2171.
  • Liu, R., & Bell, M.A. (2020). Fearful temperament and the risk for child and adolescent anxiety: The role of attention biases and effortful control. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 23, 205-228.
  • Liu, R., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2020 on-line). Frontal EEG asymmetry moderates the associations between negative temperament and behavioral problems during childhood. Development and Psychopathology.
  • Blankenship, T. L., Slough, M. A., Calkins, S. D., Deater-Deckard, K., Kim-Spoon, J., & Bell, M.A. (2019). Attention and executive functioning in infancy: Links to childhood executive function and reading achievement. Developmental Science, 22, e12824.
  • Brito, N.H., Fifer, W.P., Amso, D., Barr, R., Bell, M.A., Calkins, S., Flynn, A., Montgomery-Downs, H.E., Oakes, L.M., Richards, J.E., Samuelson, L.M., & Colombo, J. (2019). Beyond the Bayley: Neurocognitive assessments of development during infancy and toddlerhood. Developmental Neuropsychology, 44, 220-247.
  • Broomell, A.P.R., Savla, J., & Bell, M.A. (2019). Infant electroencephalogram coherence and toddler inhibition are associated with social responsiveness at age 4. Infancy, 24, 43-56.
  • Diaz, A., Swingler, M.S., Tan, L., Smith, C.L., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2019). Infant frontal EEG asymmetry moderates the association between maternal behavior and toddler negative affectivity. Infant Behavior and Development, 55, 88-99.
  • Dunsmore, J., Ashley, R., Zhou, Y., Swain, D., Factor, R., Broomell, A., Waldron, J., Bell, M.A., & Scarpa, A. (2019). Marching to the beat of your own drum? A proof-of-concept study assessing physiological linkage in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Biological Psychology, 144, 37-45.
  • Kim-Spoon, J., Deater-Deckard, K., King-Casas, B., Calkins, S., & Bell, M. A. (2019). Commonality between executive functioning and effortful control related to adjustment. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 60, 47-55.
  • Kraybill, J.H., Kim-Spoon, J., & Bell, M.A. (2019). Infant attention and age 3 executive function. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 92, 3-11.
  • 1992 --- Ph.D., Human Development, Univ of Maryland
  • 1983 --- M.S., Child and Family Studies, Univ of Tennessee
  • 1978 --- B.S., Home Economics, Carson-Newman College